# 10th Maths Chapter 4 Geometry Exercise 4.5

## 10th Maths Chapter 4 Geometry Exercise 4.5

### 1. If in triangles ABC and EDF, AB/DE=BC/FD then they will be similar, when

(1) ∠B = ∠E

(2) ∠A = ∠D

(3) ∠B = ∠D

(4) ∠A = ∠F

**Solution:
**(1) ∠B = ∠E

Hint:

2.In, ∆LMN, ∠L = 60°, ∠M =50° . If ∆LMN ~ ∆PQR then the value of ∠R is

(1) 40°

(2) 70°

(3) 30°

(4) 110°

**Solution:**

(2) 70°

∆LMN ~ ∆PQR, ∠R = 70°.

#### 3. If ∆ABC is an isosceles triangle with ∠C = 90° and AC = 5 cm, then AB is

(1) 2.5 cm

(2) 5 cm

(3) 10 cm

(4) 52–√ cm

**Solution:**

(4) 52–√cm

Hint:

#### 4.In a given figure ST || QR, PS = 2 cm and SQ = 3 cm. Then the ratio of the area of ∆PQR to the area of ∆PST is

(1) 25 : 4

(2) 25 : 7

(3) 25 : 11

(4) 25 : 13

**Solution:
**(1) 25 : 4

Hint:

Ratio of the area of similar triangles is equal to the ratio of the square of their corresponding sides.

∴ 52 : 22 = 25 : 4

#### 5. The perimeters of two similar triangles ∆ABC and ∆PQR are 36 cm and 24 cm respectively. If PQ = 10 cm, then the length of AB is

**Solution:**

(4) 15 cm

Hint:

#### 6. If in ∆ABC, DE || BC . AB = 3.6 cm, AC = 2.4 cm and AD = 2.1 cm then the length of AE is

(1) 1.4 cm

(2) 1.8 cm

(3) 1.2 cm

(4) 1.05 cm

**Solution:**

(1) 1.4 cm

3⋅62⋅1=2⋅4A⋅E

(3.6) (AE) = 2.1 × 2.4

AE = 1.4 cm

#### 7. In a ∆ABC , AD is the bisector of ∠BAC . If AB = 8 cm, BD = 6 cm and DC = 3 cm. The length of the side AC is

(1) 6 cm

(2) 4 cm

(3) 3 cm

(4) 8 cm

**Solution:**

(2) 4 cm

Hint:

#### 8. In the adjacent figure ∠BAC = 90° and AD ⊥ BC then

(1) BD.CD = BC2

(2) AB.AC = BC2

(3) BD.CD = AD2

(4) AB.AC = AD2

**Solution:**

(3) BD.CD = AD2

#### 9. Two poles of heights 6 m and 11 m stand vertically on a plane ground. If the distance between their feet is 12 m, what is the distance between their tops?

(1) 13 cm

(2) 14 m

(3.) 15 m

(4) 12.8 m

**Solution:**

(1) 13 cm

Hint:

10.In the given figure, PR = 26 cm, QR = 24 cm, PAQ = 90° , PA = 6 cm and QA = 8 cm. Find ∠PQR

(1) 80°

(2) 85°

(3) 75°

(4) 90°

**Solution:**

(4) 90°

Hint:

PR = 26

QR = 24

∠PAQ = 90°

PQ = 10

PQ = 262−242−−−−−−−−√=100−−−√ = 10

∴ ∠PAQ = 90°

11.A tangent is perpendicular to the radius at the …………..

(1) centre

(2) point of contact

(3) infinity

(4) chord

**Answer:
**(2) point of contact

#### 12. How many tangents can be drawn to the circle from an exterior point?

(1) one

(2) two

(3) infinite

(4) zero

**Solution:**

(2) two

#### 13. The two tangents from an external points P to a circle with centre at O are PA and PB. If ∠APB = 70° then the value of ∠AOB is

(1) 100°

(2) 110°

(3) 120°

(4) 130°

**Solution:**

(2) 110°

Hint:

#### 14. In figure CP and CQ are tangents to a circle T with centre at O. ARB is another tangent touching the circle at R. If CP = 11 cm and BC = 7 cm, then the length of BR is

(1) 6 cm

(2) 5 cm

(3) 8 cm

(4) 4 cm

**Solution:**

(4) 4 cm

BQ = BR

CP = CQ = 11

BC = 7, ∴ BQ = CQ – BC

= 11 – 7 = 4

BR = BQ = 4cm

#### 15. In figure if PR is tangent to the circle at P and O is the centre of the circle, then ∠POQ is

(1) 120°

(2) 100°

(3) 110°

(4) 90°

**Solution:**

(1) 120°

∠POQ = 180° -(30° + 30°)

= 180° – 60°

= 120°

## CHAPTER 4 GEOMETRY UNIT EXERCISE 4

1.In the figure, if BD⊥AC and CE ∠ AB, prove that

**Solution:**

In the figure’s ∆AEC and ∆ADB.

We have ∠AEC =∠ADB = 90 (∵ CE ∠AB and BD ∠AC)

and ∠EAC =∠DAB

[Each equal to ∠A]

Therefore by AA-criterion of similarity, we have ∆AEC ~ ∆ADB

(ii) We have

∆AEC ~ ∆ADB [As proved above]

⇒ CABA=ECDB⇒CAAB=CEDB

Hence proved.

2.In the given figure AB||CD || EF . If AB = 6 cm, CD = x cm, EF = 4 cm, BD = 5 cm and DE = y cm. Find x and y.

**Solution:**

In the given figure, ∆AEF, and ∆ACD are similar ∆s.

∠AEF = ∠ACD = 90°

∠A = ∠A (common)∴ ∆AEF ~ ∆ACD (By AA criterion of similarity)

Substituting x = 2.4 cm in (3)

#### 3. O is any point inside a triangle ABC. The bisector of ∠AOB , ∠BOC and ∠COA meet the sides AB, BC and CA in point D, E and F respectively.

Show that AD × BE × CF = DB × EC × FA

**Solution:**

In ∆AOB, OD is the bisector of ∠AOB.

In ∆BOC, OE is the bisector of ∠BOC

∴ OBOC=BEEC …………. (2)

In ∆COA, OF is the bisector of ∠COA.

∴ OCOA=CFFA …………… (3)

Multiplying the corresponding sides of (1), (2) and (3), we get

⇒ DB × EC × FA = AD × BE × CF

Hence proved.

#### 4. In the figure, ABC is a triangle in which AB = AC. Points D and E are points on the side AB and AC respectively such that AD = AE . Show that the points B, C, E, and D lie on the same circle.

**Solution:**

In order to prove that the points B, C, E, and D are concyclic, it is sufficient to show that ∠ABC + ∠CED = 180° and ∠ACB + ∠BDE = 180°.

In ∆ABC, we have AB = AC and AD = AE.

⇒ AB – AD = AC – AE

⇒ DB = EC

Thus we have AD = AE and DB = EC. (By the converse of Thale’s theorem)

⇒ ADDB=AEEC ⇒ DE||BC

∠ABC = ∠ADE (corresponding angles)

⇒ ∠ABC + ∠BDE = ∠ADE + ∠BDE (Adding ∠BDE on both sides)

⇒ ∠ABC + ∠BDE = 180°

⇒ ∠ACB + ∠BDE = 180° (∵ AB = AC ∴ ∠ABC = ∠ACB)

Again DE || BC

⇒ ∠ACB = ∠AED

⇒ ∠ACB + ∠CED = ∠AED + ∠CED (Adding ∠CED on both sides).

⇒ ∠ACB + ∠CED = 180° and

⇒ ∠ABC + ∠CED = 180° (∵ ∠ABC = ∠ACB)

Thus BDEC is a quadrilateral such that

⇒ ∠ACB + ∠BDE = 180° and

⇒ ∠ABC + ∠CED = 180°

∴ BDEC is a cyclic quadrilateral. Hence B, C, E, and D are concyclic points.

#### 5. Two trains leave a railway station at the same time. The first train travels due west and the second train is due north. The first train travels at a speed of 20 km/hr and the second train travels at 30 km/hr. After 2 hours, what is the distance between them?

**Solution:**

After 2 hours, let us assume that the first train is at A and the second is at B.

#### 6.D is the mid point of side BC and AE⊥BC. If i BC a, AC = b, AB = c, ED = x, AD = p and AE = h , prove that

(i) b2 = p2 + ax + a24

(ii) c2 = p2 – ax + a24

(iii) b2 + c2 = 2p2 + a22

**Solution:**

From the figure, D is the mid point of BC.

We have ∠AED = 90°

∴ ∠ADE < 90° and ∠ADC > 90°

i.e. ∠ADE is acute and ∠ADC is obtuse,

(i) In ∆ADC, ∠ADC is an obtuse angle.

AC2 = AD2 + DC2 + 2DC × DE

⇒ AC2 = AD2 + 12 BC2 + 2 . 12 BC . DE

⇒ AC2 = AD2 + 14 BC2 + BC . DE

⇒ AC2 = AD2 + BC . DE + 14 BC2

⇒ b2 = p2 + ax + 14 a2

Hence proved.

(ii) In ∆ABD, ∠ADE is an acute angle.

AB2 = AD2 + BD2 – 2BD . DE

⇒ AB2 = AD2 + (12BC)2 – 2 × 12 BC . DE

⇒ AB2 = AD2 + 14 BC2 – BC . DE

⇒ AB2 = AD2 – BC . DE + 14 BC2

⇒ c2 = p2 – ax + 14 a2

Hence proved.

(iii) From (i) and (ii) we get .

AB2 + AC2 = 2AD2 + 12 BC2

i.e. c2 + b2 = 2p2 + a22

Hence it is proved.

#### 7. A man whose eye level is 2 m above the ground wishes to find the height of a tree. He places a mirror horizontally on the ground 20 m from the tree and finds that if he stands at a point C which is 4 m from mirror B, he can see the reflection of the top of the tree. How height is the tree?

**Solution:**

From the figure; ∆DAC, ∆FBC are similar triangles and ∆ACE & ∆ABF are similar triangles.

∴ height of the tree h = 6x = 10 m.

#### 8. An emu which is 8 ft tall standing at the foot of a pillar which is 30 ft height. It walks away from the pillar. The shadow of the emu falls beyond emu. What is the relation between the length of the shadow and the distance from the emu to the pillar?

**Solution:**

Let OA (emu shadow) the x and AB = y.

⇒ pillar’s shadow = OB = OA + AB

⇒ OB = x + y

#### 9. Two circles intersect at A and B. From a point, P on one of the circle’s lines PAC and PBD are drawn intersecting the second circle at C and D. Prove that CD is parallel to the tangent at P.

**Solution:**

Let XY be the tangent at P.

TPT: CD is || to XY.

Construction: Join AB.

ABCD is a cyclic quadilateral.

∠BAC + ∠BDC= 180° ………… (1)

∠BDC = 180° – ∠BAC …………. (2)

Equating (1) and (2)

we get ∠BDC = ∠PAB

Similarly we get ∠PBA = ∠ACD

as XY is tangent to the circle at ‘P’

∠BPY = ∠PAB (by alternate segment there)

∴ ∠PAB = ∠PDC

∠BPY = ∠PDC

XY is parallel of CD.

Hence proved.