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6th Science Guide Term 3 Lesson 4 Our Environment

6th Science Guide Term 3 Lesson 4 Our Environment

6th Standard Science Term 3 book Back Question & Answers Lesson 4 Our Environment – English Medium

6th Standard Science Term 3 Guide Lesson 4 Our Environment Book Back Question and answers English Medium download pdf. 6th All Subject Text Books download pdf. 6th Science Term 3 Guide. 6th All Subject Book Back Answers

TN 6th Science Term 3 Book Back Question & answers Lesson 4 Our Environment – English Medium

I. Choose the correct answer:

1. Identify the fresh water ecosystem.

  1. Pond
  2. Lake
  3. River
  4. All of them

Ans : All of them

2. Producers are_______________

  1. Animals
  2. Birds
  3. Plants
  4. Snakes

Ans :  Plants

3. It is a biodegradable waste

  1. Plastic
  2. Coconut Shell
  3. Glass
  4. Aluminium

Ans : Coconut Shell

4. It is an undesirable change that occurs in air and water

  1. Recycling
  2. Reuse
  3. Pollution
  4. Reduce

Ans : Pollution

5. Usage of chemical pesticides and fertilisers causes ________ pollution.

  1. Air pollution
  2. Water pollution
  3. Noise pollution
  4. None of the above

Ans : None of the above

II. Fill in the Blanks

  1. Primary consumers that eat plants are called __________Ans : Herbivore
  2. Temperature, light and wind are ________ factorsAns : Physical
  3. ______ is the process of converting waste materials into new materials.Ans : Recycle
  4. Water pollution can spread __________ and chemicals.Ans : disease
  5. The 3R’s are Reduce, __________ and Recycle.Ans : Reuse

III. True or False. If False, give the correct statement

  1. The Pacific ocean is an example of an aquatic ecosystemAns : True
  2. Bacteria and fungi are called decomposers.Ans : True
  3. Human and animal wastes are examples of non-biodegradable waste.Ans : False
  • An. : Human and animal wastes are examples of biodegradable waste.
  1. Excessive use of pesticides leads to air pollution.Ans : False
  • An. : Excessive use of pesticides leads to Land pollution.
  1. In schools, waste management rules say that we should separate waste in two categoriesAns : True

IV. Match the Following

  1. Biotic factor – Terrestrial Ecosystem
  2. Sewage – Land pollution
  3. Fertilizers – Air pollution
  4. Desert – Water Pollution
  5. Smoke – Animals

Ans : 1 – E, 2 – D, 3 – B, 4 – A, 5 – C          

V. Arrange the following statements in correct sequence

1. Rabbit → Carrot → Eagle → Snake

Ans : Carrot → Rabbit → Snake → Eagle

2. Human → Insect → Algae → Fish

Ans : Algae → Insect → Fish → Human

VI. Give very short answer

1. Define ecosystem

  • Ecosystem is a community of living and non-living things that work together. Each part of an ecosystem has a role to play. Any changes in the environment such as increased temperature or heavy rains, can have a big impact on an ecosystem.

2. What are the two types of ecosystems?

  • Natural ecosystem
  • Artificial ecosystem

3. Write any two things that can be recycled

  • The process by which waste materials are used to make new products is called recycling.(e.g) Using old clothes to make paper and melting some plastics to make floor mats, plastic boards and hose pipes.

4. What are the types of pollution

There are four major kinds of pollution:

  • Air pollution
  • Water pollution
  • Land (soil) pollution
  • Noise pollution

5. Give one example of a food chain in an aquatic ecosystem?

E.g. Food chain in an aquatic (lake) ecosystem


Aquatic Plant —–> Aquatic Insect  —–> Larva —–> Fish

6. Name some pollutants

  • Sewage, Industrial effluents,solid waste from our own homes like plastics and broken electronics ,oil, petrol, coal and natural gas etc.,

7. Name some pollutants

  1. Loud Speaker
  • Loud Speaker – Noise pollution
  1. Plastic
  • Plastic – Land pollution

VIII. Give short answer

1. How can we reduce water pollution?

  • The term ‘Biodegradable’ is used for those things that can be easily decomposed by natural agents like water, oxygen, ultraviolet rays of the sun, microorganisms, etc.

2. How can we reduce water pollution?

  • Do not pour leftover oil, old medicines or waste down the drain or into the toilet.
  • Reduce the use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers to grow crops.
  • Use waste water for garden in home.
  • Do not litter or dump waste – always use a waste bin.

3. Write the importance of the food chain.

  • In any ecosystem there is a chain like relationship between the organisms that live there. This sequence of who eats whom in an ecosystem is called as food chain. It describes how organisms get energy and nutrients by eating other organisms.

IX. Answer in detail

1. Give two examples of how you can avoid or reduce waste?

1. Avoid :

  • Avoid the usage of unwanted materials which create more debris.
  • Before you buy anything, think that “Do I really need it?”
  • (e.g) Avoid buying packaged foods. Refuse to buy use and throw plastic products.

2. Reduce

  • We can reduce the waste by using durable goods that last longer instead of things that are used once and thrown away.
  • (e.g) Write on both sides of papers. Instead of unnecessary printing, use electronic facilities. Share newspapers, magazines and other things with others.

2. Write a short note on noise pollution.

  • Noise pollution affects the environment. We all like a quiet and peaceful place since unpleasant or loud sounds disturb us. Loud music, the sounds of motor vehicles, fire works and machines cause noise pollution. Continuous noise disturbs our sleep and does not let us to study. Noise pollution has been directly linked to stress and health impacts such as high blood pressure and hearing loss. Loud noise or even loud music can damage our ears. Noise pollution also disturb animals. Birds have to communicate (talk) louder so that, they can hear each other in noisy areas. Even underwater noise pollution from ships, can make whales lose their way as they use sounds to navigate.

How do we reduce noise pollution?

  • Turn off your electronics when you do not use them.
  • Lower the volume when you watch TV or listen to music.
  • Remind drivers not to use the horn too much.
  • Avoid fireworks.
  • Speak, do not shout (try to set an example).

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